BADDDDD SONIA SANCHEZ

Official Title = BaddDDD Sonia Sanchez

Seen on March 25th at the 9th annual International SWAN Day sponsored by NYWIFT & partners at Manhattan’s SVA Theater 🙂

********************
BaddDDDSoniaSanchez_filmstill#1Directed by Sabrina Gordon, Janet Goldwater, and Barbara Attie, BaddDDD Sonia Sanchez focuses on the life and work of the 81-year-old African-American poet. Sonia Sanchez, regarded as “a lion in literature’s forest,” is not only an esteemed poet, but also an unapologetic activist for civil rights, black empowerment, women’s liberation, and world peace. The filmmakers make use of Sanchez’s own passion for music and spoken word to unfold an intimate documentary, inviting the audience to understand the deep humanity the poet holds for the world. (PS: 3.5/5)

Review by FF2 Intern Peier Shen

Sonia Sanchez, Philly’s first Poet Laureate, is BaddDDD. It takes skill to pronounce it right. After reaching the satisfying vowel, you have to grab and stay with that resilient d and keep your tongue busy as it repeatedly hits your palate until finally, the seemingly insignificant consonant bursts into a sonorous D. Just like Sanchez’s poems, BaddDDD Sonia Sanchez, the brainchild of three local female documentary filmmakers, demonstrates her multifaceted career as well as the evolution of this literary giant who continues to amaze us.

The film, structurally fragmented yet intimately connected by Sanchez’s poems, takes on the impossible task of illustrating “this woman with razor blades between her teeth.” Indeed, how does the public grow to love this radiant yet sometimes intimidating poet with neat dreads, whom at the age of 81 is still writing and teaching with zeal? How does the poet explore her generation’s struggle with racial and gender identity?

These are some of the questions this documentary tries to answer, yet the film would only be half-alive, owing most of its success to the poet’s own genius, if it chose to simply lay out Sanchez’s achievements. A biography will do. Confronting the risk of repeating what the already extensive footage and interviews on Sanchez have shown and established, the filmmakers are challenged to justify the need of cinema for the portrayal of this leading African American literary figure.

The effort to assert BaddDDD Sonia Sanchez as a work of art in its own right produces a poetic narrative structure. Strolling effortlessly through many poems like “Dear Mama,” “Sister Haiku (for Pat),” and “Poem at 30,” the film lays bare of Sanchez’s political engagement, her personal life, and her teaching career without necessarily adhering to a strict chronological order.MiddleSS

In a way, the documentary, very much like Sanchez’s spoken word performances, is sonically linked. Not only does Sanchez perform, but Ursula Rucker, Bryonn Bain, Nikki Giovanni, and many other guest speakers also read her poems, which touch on seemingly sporadic subjects such as racial tension, female sexuality, dietary suggestion, and motherhood. This inventive device weaves the disconnected narratives closely together. As the guest speakers’ voices merge with that of the poet, the film underscores how reading Sanchez’s poems creates such a collective experience that contemporary readers are still gripped by her words, still moved, still shocked, and still inspired by her courage and strength.

Sabrina Gordon, Janet Goldwater, and Barbara Attie, acknowledging the eclectic cinema, do not shy away from using plastic arts. They skillfully adapt and change those materials into vital cinematic forms. An imitative dolly camera movement is often seen as the filmmakers isolate the figures of photographs from their backgrounds and then actively blur the surroundings while enlarging the images. This technique, repeatedly used throughout the movie, is incredibly effective at conveying dynamics within the frame.

The film also offers a rare opportunity for the audience to witness Sanchez’s writing process. As she feverishly goes through pages and pages of materials, crossing, uncrossing, and sifting through words, the audience is introduced to the written form of Sanchez’s passion. The rack focus, switched between Sonia Sanchez and her pages, diminishes the emotional distance between her and her readers, depicting the poet not as an aloof genius but as a relentless and ardent talent that holds love for the world around her. She writes about reality that is not unfamiliar to us. Because of that, she becomes approachable.

BaddDDD Sonia Sanchez leaves one thing painfully explicit: the job to fight against oppressions and to champion world peace is unfinished. The best example of this is a distinct visual parallel between Sanchez’s struggle and anguish in the 1960s and what is still happening today around the globe. Others have to come to defend what the poet holds so dear. It’s our battle now.

© Peier Shen FF2 Media (4/11/16)ARF-BaddDDDSoniaSanchezbottom

Top Photo: A young Sonia Sanchez reads from her book, “We a BaddDDD People.” New York, 1970.

Middle Photo: Sanchez does an interview.

Bottom Photo: Sonia Sancehz performs at “Sonia Sanchez Tribute” event in Philadelphia in 2011.

Photo Credits: California Newsreel

Q: Does BaddDDD Sonia Sanchez pass the Bechdel Test?   GreenA2016

Yes.

Three female filmmakers strive to depict a seminal female literary figure. And as a poet, Sanchez ponders over many particular female issues such as sexuality and beauty. Though there are not many dialogues in this film, many female artists rigorously engage with Sanchez’s works, reading her poems and sharing her impact on their own artistic endeavors.

249 comments

  1. Hey! Do you know if they make any plugins to assist with Search Engine Optimization? I’m trying to get my
    blog to rank for some targeted keywords but I’m not seeing very good success.
    If you know of any please share. Thank you!

  2. Nice blog right here! Also your web site a lot up very fast!
    What host are you using? Can I get your affiliate hyperlink in your host?
    I wish my web site loaded up as quickly as yours lol

  3. Hi! Someone in my Myspace group shared this site with
    us so I came to check it out. I’m definitely enjoying the information. I’m bookmarking and will be tweeting this
    to my followers! Exceptional blog and amazing
    design.

  4. Hey would you mind sharing which blog platform you’re using?
    I’m going to start my own blog soon but I’m having a difficult time choosing
    between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal. The reason I ask is
    because your design and style seems different then most blogs and I’m looking for something unique.
    P.S My apologies for getting off-topic but I had
    to ask!

  5. Appreciating the dedication you put into your website and in depth information you offer.
    It’s good to come across a blog every once in a while that isn’t
    the same out of date rehashed material. Fantastic read! I’ve
    saved your site and I’m including your RSS
    feeds to my Google account.

  6. Hi there this is kind of of off topic but I was wondering if blogs use
    WYSIWYG editors or if you have to manually code with HTML.
    I’m starting a blog soon but have no coding knowledge so I wanted to get guidance from someone
    with experience. Any help would be greatly appreciated!

  7. Heya i am for the primary time here. I came across this board and I to find
    It really helpful & it helped me out a lot. I’m hoping to provide
    one thing again and aid others such as you helped me.

  8. Fantastic beat ! I wish to apprentice at the same time as you amend your
    web site, how can i subscribe for a weblog web site?

    The account helped me a applicable deal. I were a little bit acquainted of this your broadcast offered bright transparent idea

  9. I was wondering if you ever considered changing the layout of your site?

    Its very well written; I love what youve got to say.

    But maybe you could a little more in the way of content so people
    could connect with it better. Youve got an awful lot of text for
    only having one or 2 pictures. Maybe you could space it out better?

  10. Can I just say what a comfort to find someone who truly understands what they’re talking about online.
    You actually understand how to bring a problem to
    light and make it important. More people should check this out and understand this side of the story.
    I was surprised you’re not more popular because
    you most certainly have the gift.

  11. Hey very cool site!! Man .. Excellent .. Superb .. I will
    bookmark your website and take the feeds also?
    I am happy to find so many helpful information right here in the publish, we’d like work out more techniques in this regard, thanks for sharing.
    . . . . .

  12. you’re actually a just right webmaster. The web site loading velocity is amazing.
    It sort of feels that you are doing any distinctive trick.
    Moreover, The contents are masterpiece. you’ve done a fantastic
    activity on this topic!

  13. I think this is among the most significant info for me.
    And i am glad reading your article. But wanna remark on few general things, The website style is wonderful, the articles is really excellent :
    D. Good job, cheers

  14. Hello, i think that i saw you visited my weblog thus i came
    to “return the favor”.I’m trying to find things to improve my
    site!I suppose its ok to use a few of your ideas!!

  15. I am no longer certain the place you are getting your info, but great topic.
    I must spend a while learning more or figuring out more.
    Thank you for wonderful information I used to be searching for this information for my mission.

  16. That is very fascinating, You’re an overly professional blogger.
    I’ve joined your rss feed and sit up for looking for more of
    your fantastic post. Additionally, I’ve shared your site in my
    social networks

  17. Awesome blog! Do you have any recommendations for aspiring writers?
    I’m planning to start my own blog soon but
    I’m a little lost on everything. Would you advise starting with a
    free platform like WordPress or go for a paid option? There are so many options out there that I’m completely overwhelmed ..
    Any suggestions? Appreciate it!

  18. Its such as you read my mind! You appear to know so much approximately this, such as you wrote the
    ebook in it or something. I think that you just could do
    with a few percent to drive the message house a bit, but instead of that, that
    is wonderful blog. An excellent read. I will certainly be back.

  19. Nice blog here! Also your site loads up very fast!
    What host are you using? Can I get your affiliate link to your host?
    I wish my web site loaded up as quickly as yours lol

  20. Great beat ! I wish to apprentice while you amend your website, how could i subscribe
    for a blog website? The account helped me a acceptable deal.
    I had been a little bit acquainted of this your broadcast offered bright clear idea

  21. Greetings from Los angeles! I’m bored at work so I decided to browse your
    site on my iphone during lunch break. I enjoy the information you provide here
    and can’t wait to take a look when I get home.
    I’m surprised at how quick your blog loaded on my cell phone
    .. I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyways, amazing blog!

  22. I’m not that much of a online reader to be honest but
    your sites really nice, keep it up! I’ll go ahead and bookmark
    your website to come back down the road. Cheers

  23. It is perfect time to make a few plans for the longer term and it is time to be happy.
    I have read this post and if I could I desire to recommend you some fascinating
    issues or tips. Maybe you could write subsequent articles referring to this article.

    I desire to read even more issues approximately it!

  24. I will immediately take hold of your rss as I can not in finding
    your email subscription link or e-newsletter service.
    Do you’ve any? Please let me recognize in order
    that I could subscribe. Thanks.

  25. I loved as much as you will receive carried out right here.

    The sketch is tasteful, your authored subject matter stylish.
    nonetheless, you command get bought an nervousness over that you wish be delivering the
    following. unwell unquestionably come further formerly again since exactly the same nearly very often inside case you shield this increase.

  26. Hi! I could have sworn I’ve visited this site before but
    after going through many of the articles I realized it’s new to me.
    Nonetheless, I’m certainly delighted I came across it and
    I’ll be bookmarking it and checking back frequently!

  27. It’s the best time to make some plans for the longer
    term and it’s time to be happy. I have read this put up and if I could I want to recommend you some fascinating things or tips.
    Maybe you could write next articles relating to this article.
    I desire to learn even more issues about it!

  28. Appreciating the hard work you put into your site and in depth information you provide.
    It’s awesome to come across a blog every once in a while that
    isn’t the same out of date rehashed information. Great read!
    I’ve bookmarked your site and I’m adding your RSS feeds to
    my Google account.

  29. Today, while I was at work, my cousin stole my apple ipad and tested to see if it can survive a 30 foot drop, just so she
    can be a youtube sensation. My apple ipad is now destroyed and she has
    83 views. I know this is totally off topic but I had to share
    it with someone!

  30. Howdy! I could have sworn I’ve been to this website
    before but after reading through some of the post I realized it’s new to me.

    Nonetheless, I’m definitely happy I found it and I’ll be book-marking and checking back often!

  31. I do not know if it’s just me or if perhaps everyone else encountering problems with your site.

    It appears as though some of the text on your content are running off the screen.
    Can someone else please comment and let me know if this
    is happening to them too? This might be a issue with
    my internet browser because I’ve had this happen previously.
    Cheers

  32. Heya great website! Does running a blog such as this take a
    lot of work? I have virtually no expertise in coding however I was hoping to start my own blog
    in the near future. Anyways, if you have any recommendations or techniques for new
    blog owners please share. I know this is off subject however
    I just had to ask. Thanks!

  33. You actually make it seem really easy with your presentation however I find this matter to be actually one
    thing that I think I would never understand. It sort of feels
    too complex and very broad for me. I’m having a look ahead for your subsequent publish, I’ll attempt to get the dangle of it!

  34. Currently it appears like Expression Engine is
    the preferred blogging platform out there right now.
    (from what I’ve read) Is that what you’re using on your blog?

  35. you’re really a good webmaster. The web site loading speed is amazing.
    It sort of feels that you’re doing any distinctive trick. In addition,
    The contents are masterpiece. you have performed a
    wonderful process in this topic!

  36. Oh my goodness! Incredible article dude! Many thanks,
    However I am going through troubles with your RSS. I don’t know why I am unable to join it.
    Is there anybody else having the same RSS issues? Anybody who knows the
    answer can you kindly respond? Thanks!!

    Here is my homepage … poker deposit pulsa

  37. Wow that was unusual. I just wrote an incredibly long comment but after I clicked submit my comment didn’t show up.

    Grrrr… well I’m not writing all that over again. Anyways, just wanted to say excellent blog!

  38. I was curious if you ever considered changing the structure of your site?
    Its very well written; I love what youve got to say. But maybe you could a little more in the way of content so people could connect with it
    better. Youve got an awful lot of text for only having 1 or 2 images.
    Maybe you could space it out better?

  39. Right here is the perfect blog for anybody who hopes to understand this topic.
    You realize a whole lot its almost hard to
    argue with you (not that I personally would want to…HaHa).
    You certainly put a new spin on a subject which
    has been written about for many years. Excellent stuff, just great!

  40. My brother recommended I might like this website.

    He used to be entirely right. This submit actually made
    my day. You can not consider simply how much time I had
    spent for this information! Thank you!

  41. Heya are using WordPress for your site platform?
    I’m new to the blog world but I’m trying to get started and set up my own. Do you require any
    coding knowledge to make your own blog? Any help would
    be greatly appreciated!

  42. Undeniably consider that that you stated. Your favorite reason seemed to be at the
    net the easiest factor to consider of. I say to you, I definitely get irked while other folks
    consider concerns that they plainly don’t realize about.
    You managed to hit the nail upon the top and also outlined out the whole thing without having side-effects , people can take a signal.
    Will likely be back to get more. Thank you

  43. Today, I went to the beach front with my children. I found a sea shell and gave
    it to my 4 year old daughter and said “You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.” She put
    the shell to her ear and screamed. There was a hermit crab inside and it pinched her ear.
    She never wants to go back! LoL I know this is completely off topic but I had
    to tell someone!

  44. Greetings! This is my first comment here so I just wanted to
    give a quick shout out and say I really enjoy reading
    your articles. Can you recommend any other
    blogs/websites/forums that go over the same subjects?

    Thanks a ton!

  45. Someone necessarily assist to make critically posts I might state.
    This is the first time I frequented your web page and to this
    point? I surprised with the research you made to
    create this particular publish amazing. Great process!

  46. Whats up this is kinda of off topic but I
    was wanting to know if blogs use WYSIWYG editors or if you have to manually code with HTML.
    I’m starting a blog soon but have no coding know-how so I wanted to get advice
    from someone with experience. Any help would be greatly appreciated!

  47. Hiya very nice web site!! Guy .. Beautiful .. Amazing ..
    I’ll bookmark your site and take the feeds also?
    I’m glad to seek out so many useful info right here within the post, we need work out
    extra techniques on this regard, thank you for sharing.
    . . . . .

  48. Hi, I do think this is a great site. I stumbledupon it 😉 I am going to revisit
    yet again since i have saved as a favorite it. Money and freedom is the greatest way to change, may you be rich and continue to guide
    others.

  49. Wonderful blog! I found it while searching on Yahoo News.
    Do you have any suggestions on how to get listed
    in Yahoo News? I’ve been trying for a while but I never seem to get there!
    Cheers

  50. When I initially commented I clicked the “Notify me when new comments are added” checkbox and now
    each time a comment is added I get three emails with the same comment.
    Is there any way you can remove people from that service?
    Many thanks!

  51. I loved as much as you will receive carried out right here.

    The sketch is tasteful, your authored subject matter stylish.
    nonetheless, you command get bought an impatience over
    that you wish be delivering the following. unwell unquestionably come further
    formerly again since exactly the same nearly
    a lot often inside case you shield this increase.

  52. Hi, i read your blog occasionally and i own a similar one and
    i was just wondering if you get a lot of spam feedback?

    If so how do you reduce it, any plugin or anything you can advise?
    I get so much lately it’s driving me insane so any assistance is very much appreciated.

  53. I have been exploring for a little bit for any high quality articles or weblog posts in this sort of area .
    Exploring in Yahoo I eventually stumbled upon this website.
    Studying this info So i am glad to exhibit that I’ve a very excellent uncanny feeling I found out just
    what I needed. I most for sure will make certain to don?t overlook this site and give it a glance on a relentless
    basis.

  54. I’m now not sure where you’re getting your information, however
    good topic. I needs to spend a while learning much more or understanding more.
    Thank you for great info I was searching for this information for my mission.

  55. Hey! Do you know if they make any plugins to assist with Search Engine
    Optimization? I’m trying to get my blog to rank for some targeted keywords but I’m not
    seeing very good results. If you know of
    any please share. Cheers!

  56. Hello there! This is kind of off topic but
    I need some advice from an established blog.
    Is it tough to set up your own blog? I’m not very techincal but
    I can figure things out pretty fast. I’m thinking about creating my own but
    I’m not sure where to start. Do you have any tips or suggestions?
    Appreciate it

  57. Great beat ! I would like to apprentice while you amend
    your web site, how can i subscribe for a blog site?
    The account helped me a acceptable deal. I had been tiny bit acquainted of this your broadcast provided bright clear idea

  58. Thanks for one’s marvelous posting! I definitely enjoyed reading it, you can be a great
    author. I will always bookmark your blog and will come back down the road.
    I want to encourage you continue your great work, have a nice day!

  59. I’m not that much of a online reader to be honest but your blogs really nice, keep it up!

    I’ll go ahead and bookmark your site to come back down the road.
    Cheers

  60. Today, I went to the beach front with my children. I found a sea
    shell and gave it to my 4 year old daughter
    and said “You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.” She put
    the shell to her ear and screamed. There was a hermit crab inside and it pinched her
    ear. She never wants to go back! LoL I know
    this is completely off topic but I had to tell someone!

  61. Have you ever considered publishing an e-book or guest authoring on other sites?
    I have a blog based on the same topics you discuss and would really like
    to have you share some stories/information. I know
    my viewers would enjoy your work. If you’re even remotely interested,
    feel free to send me an e-mail.

  62. Hi, i think that i saw you visited my web site so i came
    to “return the favor”.I am trying to find things to enhance my website!I
    suppose its ok to use some of your ideas!!

  63. Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems as though you relied on the video to
    make your point. You definitely know what youre talking about, why waste
    your intelligence on just posting videos to your blog when you could be giving us something informative to
    read?

  64. You are so cool! I don’t believe I’ve read through anything like that before.
    So great to find someone with some original thoughts on this issue.

    Really.. thank you for starting this up. This site is one thing that is
    required on the internet, someone with a bit of originality!

  65. I am no longer positive where you are getting your info,
    but great topic. I must spend a while finding out
    more or working out more. Thank you for excellent
    info I used to be looking for this information for my mission.

  66. Good day! This is my first comment here so I just wanted
    to give a quick shout out and tell you I
    genuinely enjoy reading your articles. Can you recommend any other blogs/websites/forums that go over the
    same topics? Appreciate it!

  67. Thank you a bunch for sharing this with all of us you really understand what
    you are talking approximately! Bookmarked.
    Please additionally consult with my web site =).
    We can have a link exchange contract between us

  68. hi!,I really like your writing so so much! share we communicate more
    approximately your article on AOL? I require an expert on this house
    to resolve my problem. May be that’s you! Having a look
    ahead to see you.

  69. What i don’t understood is if truth be told how you are not really much more
    well-preferred than you may be now. You’re very intelligent.

    You recognize thus significantly in terms of this matter,
    produced me for my part believe it from so many various angles.
    Its like women and men are not interested until it is one
    thing to accomplish with Woman gaga! Your personal stuffs outstanding.

    All the time take care of it up!

  70. An impressive share! I’ve just forwarded this onto a co-worker who was doing a little homework on this.
    And he actually bought me dinner because I stumbled upon it for him…

    lol. So let me reword this…. Thanks for the meal!! But yeah, thanks for
    spending time to talk about this issue here on your web site.

  71. I’ve been exploring for a little for any high quality articles or weblog posts in this kind of house .

    Exploring in Yahoo I ultimately stumbled upon this website.
    Reading this information So i’m glad to show that I have
    a very excellent uncanny feeling I found out just what I needed.

    I so much undoubtedly will make sure to don?t overlook this web site and provides it a glance on a
    constant basis.

  72. Hello just wanted to give you a quick heads up and let you know a few of the
    pictures aren’t loading properly. I’m not sure why but I think
    its a linking issue. I’ve tried it in two different internet browsers and both show the same outcome.

  73. When someone writes an paragraph he/she retains the thought of a user in his/her brain that how
    a user can know it. Thus that’s why this post is outstdanding.

    Thanks!

  74. Unquestionably imagine that which you stated. Your favourite reason seemed to be at the web
    the easiest thing to consider of. I say to you, I definitely get annoyed at the same time as other people consider worries that they plainly do not realize about.
    You managed to hit the nail upon the top and also defined out the entire thing with no
    need side effect , folks can take a signal. Will probably be
    back to get more. Thanks

  75. It is the best time to make some plans for the future and it is time to be happy.
    I have read this post and if I could I want to suggest you some
    interesting things or suggestions. Perhaps you
    could write next articles referring to this article.
    I desire to read more things about it!

  76. Hey there! Do you know if they make any plugins to help with SEO?
    I’m trying to get my blog to rank for some targeted keywords
    but I’m not seeing very good results. If you know of any please share.
    Many thanks!

  77. I was curious if you ever thought of changing the layout of your website?
    Its very well written; I love what youve got to say. But maybe you could a little more in the way of
    content so people could connect with it better.
    Youve got an awful lot of text for only having one or two images.
    Maybe you could space it out better?

  78. Its such as you learn my thoughts! You seem to understand so
    much approximately this, such as you wrote the guide in it or something.

    I believe that you can do with some p.c.
    to pressure the message house a bit, however other
    than that, this is magnificent blog. A fantastic read.

    I’ll certainly be back.

  79. Hey there! I know this is kind of off-topic however I had to ask.
    Does operating a well-established website such as yours take a massive amount work?
    I am completely new to operating a blog however
    I do write in my diary everyday. I’d like to start a blog so I can easily share my own experience and views online.
    Please let me know if you have any ideas or tips for brand new aspiring bloggers.
    Thankyou!

  80. I was recommended this web site by my cousin. I am not sure whether this post is written by him as no one else know such detailed about my trouble.
    You’re incredible! Thanks!

  81. Can I just say what a comfort to uncover a person that actually knows what they’re talking about over
    the internet. You certainly know how to bring an issue to light and make it important.
    A lot more people must check this out and understand this side of
    the story. I was surprised that you’re not more popular given that you
    most certainly have the gift.

  82. You’re so cool! I do not believe I’ve truly read through something like that before.
    So good to find somebody with a few genuine thoughts on this issue.
    Really.. thanks for starting this up. This site is something that is required
    on the internet, someone with a bit of originality!

  83. I’m not that much of a online reader to be
    honest but your blogs really nice, keep it up! I’ll go ahead and bookmark your website to come back later on. Cheers

  84. I do not even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post was good.
    I don’t know who you are but certainly you are going to a famous blogger if you aren’t already ;
    ) Cheers!

  85. I don’t even know how I ended up here, but I thought this
    post was good. I do not know who you are but certainly you’re going
    to a famous blogger if you are not already 😉 Cheers!

  86. Heya! I’m at work surfing around your blog from my new iphone!
    Just wanted to say I love reading your blog and look forward to all your
    posts! Carry on the great work!

  87. Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems as though you relied on the video to make
    your point. You definitely know what youre talking about,
    why throw away your intelligence on just posting videos to your weblog
    when you could be giving us something informative to read?

  88. На портале Франк выдается бездепозитный приз в формате бесплатных спинов.

    Фриспины доступны в топовых симуляторах.
    Правила получения приза подробно описаны на интернет-ресурсе – в рубрике «Акционные предложения».
    Получить бездепозитный бонус можно
    по акционному коду, введя его в специальное окно.
    Кроме бездепа, новичкам выдается
    приз за стартовый депозит. Помимо денежных средств,
    при пополнении счета посетителям иногда предлагаются фриспины.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *